Hobokenís name comes from the old Dutch word hoebuck which means high bluff. When Dutch settlers arrived in the area in the 1600s, they used the word in reference to todayís Castle Point. Several other significant events define Hobokenís history and development. In the 1800s, historians say that the city hosted the first official baseball game at Elysian Fieldsóa match between the New York Nine and the Knickerbockers. Further, a social group called the Turtle Club had some famous names in its member list, including George Washington, Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton. Other personalities such as Charles Dickens, Jay Gould, William K. Vanderbilt and Frank Sinatra have also been associated with Hoboken.
Hoboken grew rapidly between 1850 and 1950 on the strength of its port. Industrial activity thrived and companies like Todd Shipyards, Maxwell House, Hostess and Bethlehem Steel provided many jobs to Hoboken residents. The cityís economy, however, was forced to reduce its dependence on the docks when containers became the standard for ship cargo. Since Hoboken didnít have the space or infrastructure to accommodate cargo containers, shipping activity declined and eventually disappeared. Today, manufacturing, retail, healthcare and professional services are some of Hobokenís stronger economic segments.
Parks in Hoboken include Castle Point Park, Church Square Park, Columbus Park, Frank Sinatra Park, Stevens Park, Pier A, Madison Park and Elysian Park, which played a supporting role in the Marlon Brando movie On the Waterfront. The city parks are tucked into urban areas, offering small retreats from the surrounding buildings. Castle Point Park features a riverfront walkway as well as a skate park. Pier A and Frank Sinatra Park also offer water views.
Hoboken residents are also served by the Hoboken Public Library and Hoboken University Medical Center.
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